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Drug Guide    S   Sodium Bicarbonate

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   Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Bicarbonate
Oral


Sodium bicarbonate reduces stomach acid. It is used as an antacid to treat heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach. Sodium bicarbonate is a very quick-acting antacid. It should be used only for temporary relief. If you need to treat long-term stomach acid problems (e.g., peptic ulcer disease, GERD), talk with your doctor about other medications.Sodium bicarbonate is the active ingredient in baking soda.OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.This medication may be used to make the urine less acidic. This effect helps the kidneys get rid of uric acid, thereby helping to prevent gout and kidney stones. It can make some medications (e.g., sulfonamides) work better or can help your body get rid of too much medication (e.g., phenobarbital). This medication can also prevent and treat certain metabolic problems (acidosis) caused by kidney disease.

 
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OverviewPhotosHow To UseSide EffectsPrecautionsMissed DoseDrug Interactions
Sodium Bicarbonate

Uses
Sodium bicarbonate reduces stomach acid. It is used as an antacid to treat heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach. Sodium bicarbonate is a very quick-acting antacid. It should be used only for temporary relief. If you need to treat long-term stomach acid problems (e.g., peptic ulcer disease, GERD), talk with your doctor about other medications.Sodium bicarbonate is the active ingredient in baking soda.OTHER This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.This medication may be used to make the urine less acidic. This effect helps the kidneys get rid of uric acid, thereby helping to prevent gout and kidney stones. It can make some medications (e.g., sulfonamides) work better or can help your body get rid of too much medication (e.g., phenobarbital). This medication can also prevent and treat certain metabolic problems (acidosis) caused by kidney disease.
Notes
  • Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., calcium/potassium/sodium levels, bicarbonate levels) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects if you are taking large doses or taking this medication for more than 2 weeks.
  • Consult your doctor for more details.

Storage
  • Store at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) away from heat, light, and moisture.
  • Keep all medicines away from children and pets.

Overdose
  • Symptoms of overdose may include: muscle spasms, seizures.

How To Use
  • Take this medication by mouth, usually every 4 hours as needed or as directed by your doctor.
  • Follow all directions on the product package.
  • If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.If you are self-treating and your acid problems persist or worsen after you have used this product for 2 weeks, or if you think you have a serious medical problem, seek immediate medical attention.
  • If you are using this medication regularly on a daily basis for more than 2 weeks, you may have a medical problem that needs different treatment.
  • Ask your doctor if this is the right medication for you.If your doctor has directed you to take this medication for acidosis or to alkalinize your urine, your dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment.
  • To get the most benefit from this medication, take it regularly, exactly as directed.
  • It is usually taken by mouth several times a day.
  • To help you remember, take it at the same times each day.
  • Do not increase the dose, take it more often or continue taking this for longer than prescribed.

Side Effects
  • Nausea, bloating, or gas may occur.
  • If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly.If your doctor has directed you to take this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects.
  • Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: swelling hands/ankles/feet, unusual weight gain.When taken with sodium bicarbonate, large doses of calcium from your diet, medications, or supplements can rarely cause a serious problem called milk-alkali syndrome.
  • Ask your doctor or pharmacist about using calcium products safely while you are using this medication.
  • Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: dizziness, muscle aches/spasms, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, irritability, memory problems), vomiting, weakness, change in the amount of urine.Seek immediate medical attention if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: chest pain, seizures.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare.
  • However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, trouble breathing.If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Precautions
  • Before taking sodium bicarbonate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies.This product should not be used if you have certain medical conditions.
  • Before using this product, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain breathing problem (pulmonary edema), congestive heart failure, severe kidney disease (e.g., inability to make urine), severe liver disease (e.g., ascites, cirrhosis), high sodium levels, swollen ankles/legs/feet due to retaining water (peripheral edema).If you have any of the following health problems, consult your doctor or pharmacist before using this product: low calcium levels, high blood pressure, heart problems (e.g., irregular heartbeat), kidney disease.Because this medication contains salt (sodium), do not use if you are on a salt-restricted diet.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed.
  • This medication may worsen high blood pressure during pregnancy (toxemia of pregnancy).
  • Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.This medication may pass into breast milk.
  • Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Missed Dose
  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember.
  • If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule.
  • Do not double the dose to catch up.

Drug Interactions
  • If you are taking this product under your doctor's direction, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them.
  • Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor or pharmacist first.Before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you use any of the following products: aspirin and other salicylates (e.g., salsalate), barbiturates (e.g., phenobarbital), calcium supplements, corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone), medications with a special coating to protect the stomach (enteric coating), lithium, quinidine, stimulants/decongestants (e.g., amphetamine, pseudoephedrine), "water pills" (thiazide diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide).This medication can decrease the effectiveness of certain drugs that require stomach acid to work, including: ampicillin, amprenavir, atazanavir, certain azole antifungals (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole), iron supplements, sucralfate.Before using this medication, consult your doctor or pharmacist on how to manage this possible interaction.

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CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgement of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.

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