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Calcium supplements are used to ensure an adequate intake of calcium during important periods of bone growth such as in childhood, during pregnancy and while breast-feeding. In adults, calcium is used to prevent osteoporosis (deterioration of bone).
- Foods rich in calcium include: dairy products and leafy green vegetables such as broccoli, kale, and collards.
- Look for foods fortified with calcium such as orange juice and flour.
- There is no difference between calcium products derived from natural or synthetic sources.
- Store at room temperature and keep away from moisture and sunlight.
- Do not store in the bathroom.
- Do not freeze the liquid forms.
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Key Pharmaceuticals - Osteoporosis
- Take with a large glass of water during or after a meal.
- Chewable tablets must be chewed well before swallowing.
- Effervescent tablets must be diluted in a glass of cold water or juice before taking.
- Allow the tablet to stop fizzing before drinking.
- Drink slowly.
- Because calcium can interfere with the absorption of other drugs, do not take other medications within 2 hours of taking calcium.
- Calcium is generally well tolerated.
- High levels of calcium can cause nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation, stomach pain, thirst, dry mouth, increased urination.
- Notify your doctor if your experience any of these effects.
- If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
- If you have any of the following health problems, consult your doctor before using this medication: diarrhea, stomach trouble, parathyroid disease, lung disease (sarcoidosis) or kidney stones.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant before using this medication.
- Some forms of calcium are known to be excreted into breast milk.
- Though there have been no reports (to date) of harm to nursing infants, consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
- Take the missed dose as soon as possible but not if it is almost time for the next dose.
- If it is time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular schedule.
- Do not double the dose.
- Tell your doctor of all prescription and nonprescription drugs you may use, especially of vitamins, tetracycline, quinolone antibiotics (e.g.
- ciprofloxacin), gallium nitrate, cellulose sodium phosphate, etidronate, magnesium sulfate, calcium channel blockers (e.g., diltiazem, verapamil) and phenytoin.
- Do not eat large amounts of bran or whole grain cereals and breads.
- They may reduce absorption of calcium.
- Also, consuming alcohol, large amounts of caffeine, and tobacco smoking may affect absorption of calcium.
- Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.